John Maxwell’s The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership is a book I have found so helpful in finding the areas I struggle in leadership, as well as measuring my personal growth in leadership abilities.
The premise of this book is not to say there are only 21 principles concerning leadership. According to Maxwell, there are 21 “laws” to leadership which are universally true no matter where one person leads in any culture or area of society.
(Note: Sociologists generally agree that there are 7 “areas of society” which are business, government, media, arts and entertainment, education, the family, and entertainment.)
As you know, we subscribe to the idea EVERY person is created to lead, and has the potential to impact their generation in a meaningful way.
In order to maximize our impact, we must grow our leadership by addressing some key areas:
- Attitude and Mindset
- Clarity of calling
In addition to these, we should look closely at John Maxwell’s 21 “laws” and measure our current state against them. This book is one of the most profound studies on the subject of leadership I have ever encountered
It should be on your MUST READ list, and in the library of every person aspiring to grow their life and leadership.
Let’s look at The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership: A Review of John Maxwell’s Timeless Book.
#1: The Law of the Lid
Maxwell defines the Law of the Lid by saying “leadership ability is the lid that determines a person’s level of effectiveness. The lower an individual’s ability to lead, the lower the lid on his potential.”
This idea is troubling for some because it means no matter how much they desire to be a 10 on the scale of leadership, there is a cap to their abilities based on several factors, including people skills, planning abilities, vision, dedication to success, and past results.
When you leverage the law of the lid and assess your own leadership, you will have a straightforward view of who your followers are, where they land on the leadership scale, and areas you can grow in to raise your leadership lid.
If you are lower on the leadership scale, you most likely won’t be able or equipped to lead those ranking above you. However, your skills can still offer invaluable leadership to people who are any level behind you.
The good news is the law of the lid has room for flexibility. It is unwise to think where you are today as a leader is as good as you will ever be.
#2: The Law of Influence
Maxwell’s definition of the Law of Influence is “the true measure of leadership is influence. Nothing more, nothing less.” This, of course, is one of John Maxwell’s most famous quotes heard around the world (and world-wide web). It’s a great quote, but how often do you take time to ask yourself the big question: who are you influencing?
Maybe a bigger question to ask is: what type of influence are we offering those who follow us? Insecure leaders often influence people in ways that keep others down in order to protect their own position in the group.
The best leaders realize leadership is always about raising people to their highest potential, even if it means they one day are surpassed as leaders themselves.
Leadership is not determined by title. You are not a leader if people do not follow you. Maxwell says, “True leadership cannot be awarded, appointed, or assigned. It comes only from influence, and that cannot be mandated. It must be earned.”
He goes on to say, “When it comes to identifying a real leader… don’t listen to the claims of the person professing to be the leader. Don’t examine his credentials. Don’t check his title. Check his influence. The proof of leadership is found in the followers.”
#3: The Law of Process
The subtitle for this chapter is, “Leadership Develops Daily, Not in a Day.” You can tell where a person will end up by watching their daily habits and priorities. Maxwell writes, “What can you see when you look at a person’s daily agenda? Priorities, passion, abilities, relationships, attitude, personal disciplines, vision, and influence.”
All of those contribute to the destination you will arrive at later on in your life journey. Therefore, it doesn’t matter at all where you hope to end up if you do not first determine which road you ought to be traveling on to get there.
The law of process also comes into play as we set out to lead others. Maxwell says, “Just as you need a growth plan to improve, so do those who work for you.” This means as we lead others, we have to also set them on a course for success.
#4: The Law of Navigation
Once you have determined the process to get where you are going, the next step is to navigate your business or organization through the challenges and obstacles to reach to success.
Maxwell quotes Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, as saying, “A good leader remains focused… Controlling your direction is better than being controlled by it.”
The Law of Navigation is where leadership differentiates itself from other voices wanting to be heard. Leaders look at past experiences, prior successes, and hurtful failures. They learn from those things, then look ahead to see where conflict and challenge may arise.
With all of these in mind, leaders will preemptively respond according to those challenges as they move toward the goal.
#5: The Law of Addition
The Law of Addition simply says, “leaders add value by serving others.” Maxwell says we add value to others when we truly value them and intentionally make ourselves valuable to them. He says, “
He says, “90 percent of all people who add value to others do so intentionally.” The most helpful way we do this is to really get to know the people we are leading, uncover their priorities, goals, hopes, and dreams, and figure out what we can do to assist them in getting where they need to go. Maxwell says, “
Maxwell says, “Inexperienced leaders are quick to lead before knowing anything about the people they intend to lead. But mature leaders listen, learn, and then lead.”
#6: The Law of Solid Ground
Maxwell defines The Law of Solid Ground by saying, “trust is the foundation of leadership” This is perhaps the greatest challenge leaders face in the 21st century, especially those expressly leading as Christians with the Kingdom of God in mind.
Too many people are disillusioned with leaders because they’ve been too-often abused by self-serving leaders. This is especially true of politicians and television preachers.
Trust, then, is the most important element in leadership. If you do not have trust, you have nothing to offer.
Maxwell says we build trust “by consistently exemplifying competence, connection, and character,” and we must “treat trust as our most precious asset.” He later writes, “
He later writes, “How do leaders earn respect? By making sound decisions, by admitting their mistakes, and by putting what’s best for their followers and the organization ahead of their personal agendas.” This is because, “no leader can break trust with his people and expect to keep influencing them.”
#7: The Law of Respect
Similar to the high necessity of trust, is the necessity of respect. The Law of Respect reminds us “people naturally follow leaders stronger than themselves.” Maxwell says, “
Maxwell says, “One of the greatest potential pitfalls for natural leaders is relying on talent alone… good leaders rely on respect. They understand that all leadership is voluntary.” He says that “
He continues, “when people respect you as a person, they admire you. When they respect you as a friend, they love you. When they respect you as a leader, they follow you.”
The opposite is true as well. As soon as people lose respect for you, your influence over them will disappear.
#8: The Law of Intuition
Maxwell says “every person possesses intuition” and “people are intuitive in their area of strength.”
The Law of Intuition is based on facts and instinct as well as other ever-changing factors such as “employee morale, organizational momentum, and relational dynamics.” Out of the many leadership skills one can develop over time, intuition may be the hardest because it relies on more than experience.
It has a lot to do with natural aptitude for seeing all these factors at once and discerning possible actions and probable outcomes. Maxwell says of intuitive leaders, “
Maxwell says of intuitive leaders, “they ‘tune in’ to leadership dynamics. Many leaders describe this as an ability to ‘smell’ things in their organization. They can sense people’s attitudes. They are able to detect the chemistry of a team… They don’t need to sift through stats, read reports, or examine a balance sheet. They know the situation before they have all the facts. That is the result of their leadership intuition.”
This ability either comes naturally or must be nurtured. Developing intuition through experience and growth is invaluable because, as Maxwell says, “whenever leaders face a problem, they automatically measure it — and begin solving it — using the Law of Intuition.”
#9: The Law of Magnetism
The Law of Magnetism states, “who you are is who you attract,” or more simply, you will attract people like yourself.
This can be a good thing in many cases, but is also a call to action to know your weaknesses and seek to grow out of them. Maxwell says, “Leaders help to shape the culture of their organizations based on who they are and what they do,” and “not only do people attract others with similar attitudes, but their attitudes tend to become alike.”
I have heard it said before that in five years, the things you won’t like about your organization is what you don’t like about yourself today. Your personality, character traits, quirks, and mannerisms will both attract people like yourself to your organization as well as rub off on the existing people within.
According to Maxwell, “Like attracts like. That may seem pretty obvious. Yet I’ve met many leaders who expect highly talented people to follow them, even though they neither possess nor express value for those people’s giftedness.”
Therefore, “if you want to grow an organization, grow the leader” and “if you want to attract better people, become the kind of person you desire to attract.”
Once you are attracting the people you want to have following you, it’s time to take yourself and those people to the next level.
#10: The Law of Connection
Maxwell summarizes The Law of Connection by saying, “leaders touch a heart before they ask for a hand.”
Another way to say this is people will not follow you until they are emotionally bought into the vision you are casting. There is also some tie in here with the famous quote, “people don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.”
To truly connect with people, you have to value them, learn about them, and adapt to who they are. Do not expect people to change themselves in order to follow you. You must change yourself in order to invite them in.
Even the Apostle Paul understood this principle when, in his evangelistic efforts, he declared, “for though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some” (1 Corinthians 9:19-22).
The law of connection means we understand people’s self-identity, meet them where they are, and connect with them before we try to get them to follow us or buy into our vision.
#11: The Law of the Inner Circle
The Law of the Inner Circle states “a leader’s potential is determined by those closest to him.” This is similar in effect to the law of magnetism, which says your followers will be like you, except this says you will begin to be like those with whom you surround yourself.
When I was in high school, the guidance counselor would say, “you show me your friends, and I’ll show you your future.” I hated that quote at the time since I wanted to be in control of my own destiny, yet because this law is universal, time has proven that statement true every time.
To leverage the law of the inner circle, we must continually surround ourselves with people we admire and respect and want to become like as we grow.
Unfortunately, this is counter-intuitive to the leadership style of most. Insecure leaders feel threatened when they are not the smartest or most talented people in the room, so they surround themselves with people weaker than themselves. This, however, means their personal potential for growth is stunted by the capacity of those they keep near.
Maxwell says in order to leverage the law of the inner circle and “to increase your capacity and maximize your potential as a leader, your first step is always to become the best leader you can. The next is to surround yourself with the best leaders you can find.”
#12: The Law of Empowerment
This law states “only secure leaders give power to others.” This means secure leaders spend their time “identifying leaders; building them up; giving them resources, authority, and responsibility; and then turning them loose to achieve…”
Insecure leaders, in contrast, spend their time suspicious of those around them and do everything they can to undermine others’ potential and growth.
Former U.S. President, Theodore Roosevelt said, “The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and the self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it.”
Maxwell says this is because, “to keep others down, you have to go down with them. And when you do that, you lose any power to lift others up.”
To take advantage of this law in our lives, we must understand as we develop leaders around us, we not only raise our own value as a leader, but our organizations are benefitted in the process as well.
#13: The Law of the Picture
The Law of the Picture says “people do what people see.” This may be one of the highest laws, understanding everything rises and falls on leadership. Character matters. Maxwell says, “
Maxwell says, “When the leaders show the way with the right actions, their followers copy them and succeed.”
Corrupt leaders will corrupt those around them because their own lives demonstrate it as good and acceptable.
From the Christian perspective, as leaders we must understand integrity comes first in everything we do, because other people are watching us and will follow our example. One scripture that comes to mind is the command in Hebrews 13:7, “
One scripture that comes to mind is the command in Hebrews 13:7, “Remember your leaders, those who spoke to you the word of God. Consider the outcome of their way of life, and imitate their faith.”
#14: The Law of Buy-In
The Law of Buy-In states, “people buy into the leader, then the vision.” Maxwell continues, “many people who approach the area of vision in leadership have it all backward. They believe that if the cause is good enough, people will automatically buy into it and follow. But that’s not how leadership really works. People don’t at first follow worthy causes. They follow worthy leaders who promote causes they can believe in.”
If we relatel this back to the law of the picture, if your credibility as a leader is questionable, people won’t be willing to follow the vision you are casting simply because they doubt you can get them there.
One of the biggest leadership lessons I took away from my own experiences in 2014 was that leadership is inevitably connected to the opportunities they present. Sometimes saying “no” to a bad leader means saying “no” to a good opportunity, and sometimes saying “no” to a bad opportunity means saying “no” to a good leader.
This was my personal realization of the law of buy-in. Maxwell says it this way, “You cannot separate leaders from the causes they promote. It cannot be done, no matter how hard you try. It’s not an either/or proposition. The two always go together.”
As a leader, you cannot promote your vision and the good work you are doing through websites and social media, and expect people to immediately jump on board to volunteer or give money. If they do not trust you, it does not matter what opportunity you put in front of them.
From my own observation in global ministry, I think this may be the biggest issue those in the non-profit and humanitarian world need to learn.
#15: The Law of Victory
The Law of Victory states that leaders find a way for the team to win. Maxwell writes, “Every leadership station is different. Every crisis has its own challenges. But I think that victorious leaders have one thing in common: they share an unwillingness to accept defeat. The alternative to winning is totally unacceptable to them. As a result, they figure out what must be done to achieve victory.”
Though not mentioned in the book, I think back to the 2009 movie (based on the 1960’s TV show) Star Trek, and the always-inspiring Captain James T. Kirk. In every situation, Kirk refuses to accept defeat and always finds a way to accomplish the mission at hand.
One of the storylines to build this characteristic in Kirk was featured during his time at Starfleet Academy when he took a virtual reality test which presented him with a “no-win” scenario. In order to beat the test scenario, Kirk reprogrammed the simulation, and as he faced expulsion for cheating, he referred to the test itself as a cheat since there was no way to successfully complete the challenge. His mindset would not allow him to even accept the premise of a “no-win” scenario.
This is the way a leader who embraces the law of victory thinks. They take responsibility, get creative, and throw all their experience and passion into reaching success. There is a “don’t quit” attitude, and failure is not an option. These leaders are always inspiring to those behind them, even when the challenge gets difficult.
Maxwell quotes Lou Holtz, former Notre Dame head football coach, as saying, “You’ve got to have great athletes to win, I don’t care who the coach is. You can’t win without good athletes, but you can lose with them. This is where coaching makes the difference.”
Good leaders take responsibility for the success of the team and do what it takes to lead the way to victory.
#16: The Law of the Big Mo
The Law of the Big Mo says “momentum is a leader’s best friend.” Maxwell says this is “because many times (momentum) is the only thing that makes the difference between losing and winning. When you have no momentum, even the simplest tasks seem impossible… On the other hand, when you have momentum on your side, the future looks bright, obstacles appear small, and troubles seem inconsequential.”
This law especially comes into play when an organization is starting out. Everything is a challenge, and it seems to take forever to get anything done. However, just like a train slowly gaining speed, once that same organization gets moving, there is no stopping it.
In physics this phenomenon is referred to as the law of inertia, which states in part “an object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.”
This truth is the same when it comes to leadership. An organization with forward momentum is hard to slow down. The challenge is in getting that momentum built up in the first place (and making sure the momentum is in the direction you want the organization to go).
Maxwell says, “creating momentum requires someone who has vision, can assemble a good team, and motivates others. If the leader is looking for someone to motivate him, then the organization is in trouble.”
#17: The Law of Priorities
For almost two years now, the background image on my computer desktop has challenged me with the question, “Are you being productive, or just being busy?” This is at the heart of the Law of Priorities, which reminds us, “leaders understand that activity is not necessarily about accomplishment.”
Maxwell says, “when we are busy, we naturally believe that we are achieving. But business does not equal productivity. Activity is not necessarily accomplishment.” This is talking about prioritizing, which “requires leaders to continually think ahead, to know what’s important, to see how everything relates to the overall vision.”
Sometimes what is highest on the priority list is not comfortable or easy.
The key to leveraging the law of priorities is called “the Pareto Principle” or more commonly “the 80/20 principle.” Maxwell says if we spend most of our time working on the things in the top 20% of importance, it will give us 80% of the return we are looking for.
Other factors Maxwell discusses in setting your priority list are his three R’s: Requirement, Return, and Reward. These three R’s make us ask: “what must I do that nobody can or should do for me?”
“Life is too short to not do some things you love.” When we properly prioritize how we spend our time, it will always set us on course for success. When we don’t prioritize our time, we will often look back wondering where it all went.
#18: The Law of Sacrifice
The Law of Sacrifice gives us a glimpse into the heart of a leader: “a leader must give up to go up.” Maxwell says, “there is a common misperception among people who aren’t leaders that leadership is all about the position, perks, and power that come from rising in an organization… The life of a leader can look glamorous to people on the outside. But the reality is that leadership requires sacrifice.”
I have a friend who has invested thousands of hours of his time and thousands of dollars to receive leadership training from the best teachers our generation has to offer. He owns and runs a successful branch of the company for which he works, has a healthy bank account, and is capable of enjoying many comforts that life has to offer.
What impresses me the most about this friend, though, is not his success in the business world, but his willingness to put all of his success on the line to take his leadership to the next level and share with others. He has recently taken on a regional leadership position with his company that gives him the ability to take personal time to travel around the region without pay to meet with others in the company and help them develop their own branch of the business.
He has also launched a community leadership networking group which is costing him personal time and money to develop leaders in our city for which he will receive little to no return. While many people see a white-collar business man and think, “that must be nice to not have to work so hard,” I see a friend who works twice as hard as most to give other people a leg up in life and business.
Maxwell says, “There is no success without sacrifice. Every person who has achieved any success in life has made sacrifices to do so.” He adds, “the heart of leadership is putting others ahead of yourself. It’s doing what is best for the team.”
If you are pursuing leadership for personal gain or recognition, then you are not, in reality, a quality leader.
#19: The Law of Timing
For natural leaders, many of the principles discussed up to this point can be fairly easy to live by. Even those who may not be born-leaders, but who have invested time and effort to grow in these areas, may have a lot of success with them.
Yet, when we come to the Law of Timing, I believe many leaders begin to struggle. This law teaches us “when to lead is as important as what to do and where to go.”
Maxwell gives a few summary statements. He says, “the wrong action at the wrong time leads to disaster.” “The right action at the wrong time brings resistance.” “The wrong action at the right time is a mistake.” However, “the right action at the right time results in success.”
As we develop our leadership abilities, we have to go beyond simply knowing how to lead. We must also learn to discern when it is the right time to do so.
#20: The Law of Explosive Growth
At this stage in the book, Maxwell takes a turn from simply sharing vital laws of good leadership, and begins to teach how to take leadership higher.
The Law of Explosive Growth says, “to add growth, lead followers,” but, “to multiply, lead leaders.” Maxwell further explains this distinction by saying, “if you develop yourself, you can experience personal success. If you develop a team, your organization can experience growth. (But) if you develop leaders, your organization can achieve explosive growth.”
He adds, “You can grow by leading followers. But if you want to maximize your leadership and help your organization reach its potential, you need to develop leaders.”
Some practical advice for leading includes development of the top 20% of people around you rather than spending time playing catch up with the bottom 20%, focusing on strengths instead of weaknesses, and treating everyone differently rather than treating all people the same.
Determine what it takes to invest quality time into others rather than just spending time together.
To live by the law of explosive growth is definitely harder and takes more time and energy to do, yet the trickle down effect will lead to exponential multiplication.
Maxwell summarizes this law by saying, “leaders who develop leaders experience an incredible multiplication effect in their organizations that can be achieved in no other way — not by increasing resources, reducing costs, increasing profit margins, improving systems, implementing quality procedures, or doing anything else.”
#21: The Law of Legacy
This final law states, “a leader’s lasting value is measured by succession.” The chapter begins by asking, “What do you want people to say at your funeral? That may seem like an odd question, but it may be the most important thing you can ask yourself as a leader.”
A few years ago, I practiced setting what Andy Stanley calls “Be-goals,” which are character qualities a person wants to be known for in life. My be goals are things like: God-seeking, holy (set apart for God/fighting sin and temptation), and humble.
Walking through this exercise is in effect determining what success looks like for myself. Unfortunately, this is an activity most will never engage in.
Maxwell says, “most people simply accept their lives — they don’t lead them.” To be sure, my favorite statement made in this chapter, if not the entire book is, “someday people will summarize your life in a single sentence. My advice: pick it now!”
One day we will all be gone, and what remains of us will be the examples we set with our lives and the people we leave behind empowered to continue on.
Maxwell summarizes the life of a leader by saying, “achievement comes when they do big things by themselves. Success comes when they empower followers to do big things for them. Significance comes when they develop leaders to do great things with them. Legacy comes when they put leaders in position to do great things without them.”
He ends the chapter with this thought: “our abilities as leaders will not be measured by the buildings we built, the institutions we established, or what our team accomplished during our tenure. You and I will be judged by how well the people we invested in carried on after we are gone.”
This is the greatest challenge a lifelong pursuit of leadership will face, but it is also the only thing that will matter in the end.
- These laws will serve you well if you follow them.
- I encourage you to purchase this book; study it; live it.
- Make a commitment today to raise the bar of your leadership ability.
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